EMP is an nuclear electromagnetic pulse that bursts due to radiation caused by nuclear explosions. There are various different fighting devices that have been designed t o cause this electromagnetic burst. This bursts cannot be seen they happen as a result of natural factors an example is lightning among others. This bursts are likely to cause a lot of perils including nationwide blackout of the electric power grid, and a shutdown of critical infrastructure reliant on the grid.
Nuclear electromagnetic burst are caused by different factors which include detonation of a nuclear bomb, solar flare, a device intended to cause an EMP, close lightning stroke and finally a massive powerline short circuit. Not unless it is a terrorist attack this nuclear burst do not happen at many times.Solar flare mostly happen though it is harmless not unless it is in extreme. Computers and computer equipments, appliances containing microprocessors, automobile electronic ignition, power fuses, TV cameras, computer disks among others are some of the electronic devices that are prone to electromagnetic burst. Not all electronic appliances are prone the electromagnetic bursts some are actually very immune they include computers and computer equipments, appliances containing microprocessors, automobile electronic ignition, power fuses, TV cameras, computer disks among others.
Electrical energy is the most used source of energy it is used in all the industries in communication , transport, food production and preservation both for commercial and domestic use. There are therefore various ways on how to prepare for an EMP including use of a non electric equipments one can also repair these equipments. A void the use of semiconductors where possible, If semiconductors are used make sure they are rated to maximum voltages and currents at least ten times . Provide battery backup like use of a generator it is also advisable to use large ferrite beads on power wiring. Use of faraday cage or bag this is any conductive structure that protects its content from electricity pulses. The burst can lead to loss of network also the mobile phones may go off due to this reason it is advisable to use other devices to communicate an example use of walkie talkie and CB radios. It is advisable to use ones own source of power by use of other energy sources like use of biogas and solar panels among others.To avoid food shortage due to the stoppage of production process of food it is advisable to plant food crops.
Various measures should be put into place to avoid damage that is brought about by the electromagnetic burst such include shield wiring connected to sensitive equipments or enclose wiring in metal conguits, fuse long wires and cables, increase the current carrying capacity of the building ground.